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CERES FM1 & FM2 on Terra

Image: Terra Satellite

Terra Satellite

CERES consists of two broadband scanning radiometers that measure the Earth's radiation balance and provide cloud property estimates to assess their role in radiative fluxes from the surface to the top of the atmosphere.

CERES is a broadband scanning thermistor bolometer package with extremely high radiometric measurement precision and accuracy. The Terra Mission link to external site spacecraft carries two identical instruments: one operates in a cross-track scan mode and the other in a biaxial scan mode. The CERES Terra cross-track scanning data greatly extends the CERES data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) link to external site to achieve complete global measurements by adding mid-latitude and polar observations. TRMM data is restricted by its orbit to roughly cover 40S to 40N. Terra crosstrack data also adds observations at different times of day than TRMM (and later Aqua) in order to increase the accuracy of measuring the large diurnal cycle of the radiation fields from day to night. Finally, the CERES Terra biaxial scan mode provides new observations of the angular radiation fields in order to greatly improve the accuracy of the final fluxes of solar and thermal energy used to derive the Earth's radiation balance.

Each CERES instrument has three channels--a short-wave channel for measuring reflected sunlight, a longwave channel for measuring Earth-emitted thermal radiation in the 8-12 µm "window" region, and a total channel for total radiation. Onboard calibration hardware includes a solar diffuser, a tungsten lamp system with a stability monitor, and a pair of blackbody sources. Cold space and internal calibration looks are performed during each normal Earth scan.

Image: Terra Instrument

CERES Instrument

Image: Terra Instrument, labeled

CERES Instrument, Labeled

CERES is a Principal Investigator instrument provided by NASA and managed by NASA's Langley Research Center (LaRC) in Hampton, Virginia. The instrument was built by TRW in Redondo Beach, California. The CERES Team Leader is Norman Loeb. More information may be obtained on the CERES Home Page.

  Image: NASA Logo NASA Official: Dr. Norman Loeb
Page Curator: Edward Kizer
Page Last Modified: 04/03/2020 09:33:29 EST
Site Last Modified: 04/03/2020 09:33:29 EST